Traveling back in time through the photographer's lens: One artist's amazing pictures of life in the 1930, 1940 & 50s
Chalk one up: Arthur Leipzig's 'Chalk Games' captures several children in their element in 1950 in Prospect Place, Brooklyn
Life: 'The Radical Camera: New York's Photo League, 1936-1951' shows 'Boy jumping into Hudson River' from 1948, left, and an untitled gelatin silver print from 1950, right
Iconic: Compelling portraits of everyday life, like this image of the Brooklyn Bridge in 1938, form the heart of a new exhibit at The Jewish Museum
Striking image: Lightning flies across the sky above the Empire State Building in 1945, while an American flag at street level flaps in the storm
Serving up a treat: This Italian restaurant - in 1945 - was near the offices of Acme Newspictures, where photographer Ida Wyman became their first female photo printer
A boy can be seen jumping from a tall building into the water below on what looks like a hot summer’s day, young men and women are photographed enjoying themselves at Coney Island beach in Brooklyn and sailors are captured walking across Times Square. The exhibition, called 'The Radical Camera: New York's Photo League, 1936-1951', recognises the role that an organisation of young, idealistic snappers played in seeing documentary photography as both an art form and a way to argue for social justice.The photographers captured public and private moments, such as tenement balconies full of people angling for a good view of a passing parade, a woman gazing at a Bleecker Street bakery window and swing dancers in Harlem. 'The documentary photograph changed as a result of the really great teaching that distinguished the League in the form of (photographer) Sid Grossman,' said Jewish Museum curator Mason Klein.
Street scene: This photo, left, shows two women on Easter Sunday in 1944, and another is of a shoeshine boy speaking to a police officer on 14th Street in 1947, right
Gathering: This shot, entitled 'Coney Island' from 1947, is part of the compelling portraits of everyday life drawn from the streets of New York City
Slums: This photo from 1947 in the Lower East Side shows an advert for the film Gentleman's Agreement, which addressed the persistence of anti-Semitism in the U.S.
Portraits: This grumpy-looking man on the left was pictured in 1940 in Lower East Side, and a young girl is pictured on the right in 1950 in 'Girl Along A Parade Sideline'
Shore leave: Sailors wander across Times Square in a photograph taken from the Astor Hotel in 1950. ‘(He) pushed his students to discover the meaning of their work, but also their relationship to it. That helped their work become more subjective and more poetic.' '(Photographer) Sid Grossman pushed his students to discover the meaning of their work, but also their relationship to it. That helped their work become more subjective and more poetic' Jewish Museum curator Mason Klein. Some images are beautiful and some are stark, with many commenting subtly on class, race and disparities of opportunity. The League's darkroom, exhibition space, and its acclaimed newsletter 'Photo Notes' all drew photographers together in a space where they could socialise and exchange ideas. Women actively participated in the League where they found rare access and recognition. 'We were interested in the synergy of the League, that critical mass of artistry that resulted from the Photo League's panoply of activities,’ said Catherine Evans of the Columbus Museum of Art, which collaborated with The Jewish Museum on the exhibit.
Happy Halloween: A child surrounded by her friends ties on a mask to celebrate the October festival on South Side in 1951
Good luck: This photo by Aaron Siskind shows 'The Wishing Tree' in 1937, which was once a tall elm that stood outside a theatre at 132 Street and Seventh Avenue
Archive: This photo from 1940, entitled 'Salvation Army Lassie in Front of a Woolworth Store', is one of many on show at the exhibit which opens on Friday
Incredible cityscape: This photograph, entitled Broken Window on South Street, from 1948, shows New York's skyscrapers from the perspective of a shabby area
Political protest: Concerned New Yorkers protest against slums at the city's May Day Parade in 1936. Photographers Lewis Hine, Berenice Abbott and Paul Strand were mentors to the league while the younger generation included Mr Grossman, Morris Engel, Arthur Leipzig, Lisette Model, Ruth Sorkin, Walter Rosenblum, Aaron Siskind, W. Eugene Smith and many others. The decade and a half of The Photo League's existence spanned the Great Depression, The New Deal, World War Two and, finally, the 'Red Scare' hunt for domestic Communists to which the League fell victim. A December 5, 1947 front-page story in The New York Times: '90 Groups, Schools Named on U.S. List as Being Disloyal' proved the beginning of the end for the New York Photo League. The League categorically denied the accusation in press releases, meetings, petitions, letters, articles, and even an exhibition - and for a while, the disclaimers worked, writes Houston photography curator Anne Wilkes Tucker in an essay in the exhibition's catalogue. But as the blacklisting grew in intensity and reach, membership declined. The League dissolved on October 30, 1951.
Trader: This Harlem merchant is seen in New York in 1937, in a photo taken by Morris Engel, who was born in Manhattan 19 years earlier and only died in 2005
Welcome break: A shoemaker enjoys his packed lunch in 1944, left, while a trader named Max brings in the bagels to a Second Avenue restaurant one morning in 1940
Wash day: Huge numbers of sheets and other laundry items criss-cross the gap between tenements in New York in 1937
Dancing school: This image shows a group of girls at a dancing school in Harlem in 1938, which was opened by Mary Bruce, who taught ballet and tap for 50 years. 'Fear killed The Photo League,' said Howard Greenberg, owner of a gallery bearing his name and an early collector and dealer of Photo League work. The blacklisting affected The Photo League even after it was disbanded. 'At least partly because of the suppression after the blacklisting, the significant role the League - and its teacher Sid Grossman - played in the evolution of the documentary photograph has not been fully recognized,' Mr Klein said. 'The subsequent generation of photographers was sort of apolitical. They were turned off to that idea of the documentary photograph as a political statement. And they were validated by the art world.' The exhibit runs until March 25 next year and will then will travel to other U.S. cities.
Forgotten era: Arthur Leipzig's 'Ideal Laundry' from 1946 is another iconic shot on display that captures the essence of 1940s New York City
On the streets: Children are pictured by an empty lot in 1948, left, and on a Lower East Side sidewalk in the 1949 photo 'Butterfly Boy', right
A work of art: Two men sit by a relief in Union Square in Manhattan in 1942 in this gelatin silver print of Polish photographer Morris Huberland's work
A blacksmith shoes a horse in the doorway of a smith shop at 33 Cornelia Street, in Greenwich Village, with two little girls looking on, in 1937. See this same storefront today in this Google Map street view. (Courtesy NYC Municipal Archives) #
Lower Manhattan skyline at night, seen beneath the Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn end in February of 1938. See this scene today in this Google Map street view. (E. M. Bofinger/Courtesy NYC Municipal Archives)
Shafts of sunlight penetrate through upper windows of the Vaulted room of Grand Central Terminal, as crowds gather near the information kiosk on the Terminal concourse, ca. 1935-1941. (Courtesy NYC Municipal Archives)
Stanley Kubrick's New York: Pictures of Manhattan from when film director was just another unknown teenager with a dream. He's the master filmmaker whose intensity and attention to detail are unmatched in Hollywood. Stanley Kubrick's directing credits include Lolita, Dr. Strangelove, 2001: A Space Odyssey, A Clockwork Orange and The Shining. Steven Spielberg once said: 'Nobody could shoot a picture better in history.'
Street meat: A hot dog seller finds two customers in this shoe shine boys in 1947, one of whom appears to be called Mickey and charges 10 cents
Long before his days as a Hollywood icon he was displaying great skills behind the lens and in 1945, at the age of 17, he became the youngest staff photographer in Look magazine’s history. Now fine art prints of Kubrick’s work as a photo-journalist in New York are going on sale. Curators at the Museum of the City of New York and art advisers at VandM checked more than 10,000 negatives of Kubrick’s photos to choose 25 for the sale on VandM. Some of the images are posed, others were shot as he walked around the city, capturing the heart of the Big Apple.The images include a shot of a young woman walking down a steep set of stairs while carrying a pile of books, a picture that was used on the cover of Kubrick's book Drama & Shadows. His subjects are a widwe range of characters, young and old, rich and poor. They include Dwight Eisenhower when he was Columbia University’s president before becoming President of the United States, boxer Walter Cartier in the corner between rounds and Broadway actress Betsy Von Furstenberg studying her lines. Kubrick stayed with the magazine five years, eventually leaving in 1950 to concentrate om filmmaking.
It's showtime: Two well-dressed young women walk past a theatre inManhattan in 1946
Hard knocks life: A boy climbs a high fence as washing hangs from building to building
The 1960s encapsulated a generation at war and was a springboard for protests as well as racial political and social change. It was a time when young men, barely old enough to hold a gun, were sent half a world a way to fight in Vietnam. Often, the human side of the war was untold, with only numbers of those killed in battle displaying the horrors of the war. But in a breathtaking photo essay by famed LIFE photojournalist Larry Burrows, human emotion and the plight of a troop of American soldiers is captured in stunning detail at the apex of the conflict, putting a searingly sympathetic touch to the lives of soldiers serving their country.
Man your battle stations: The crew chief of helicopter Yankee Papa 13, lance corporal James C. Farley, mans an M-60 machine gun during a mission near Da Nang, Vietnam on March 31, 1965
Ready to fly: Lance Cpl. James Farley, helicopter crew chief, puts on his helmet aboard Yankee Papa 13 before the tragic mission
The U.S. Marines’ Helicopter Squadron 163 knew their mission – to airlift nine Vietnamese infantry to a post some 20 miles away. The date was March 31, 1965.
By the time of the photo essay, entitled One Ride with Yankee Papa 13, Burrows had been covering Vietnam for more than three years and had seen his fair share of operations. Doubt lingered thick in the air – would this mission be a ‘milk run,’ a simple leave and return, or would the Vietcong be waiting with guns to ambush the Yankee Papa 13?
The answer, unfortunately, was the latter.
Before the storm: Lance Cpl James Farley (left) and Private Wayne Hoilien (right) shop in Da Nong before the mission and right, Farley loads M-60s into the helicopter
Disaster striking: Wounded sergeant Billie Owens runs from the downed Yankee Papa 3 helicopter to Lance Corporal Farley, waiting aboard Yankee Papa 13
The crew was being led by Lance Cpl James C. Farley, who was only 21, and had been shopping around the nearby town of Da Nong earlier that day.
‘The Vietcong dug in along the tree line, were just waiting for us to come into the landing zone,’ Burrows wrote in his report. ‘We were all like sitting ducks and their raking crossfire was murderous.’
He described the chaos of trying to rescue a wounded pilot who was bleeding from the neck from the nearby Yankee Papa 3. The helicopter’s blades were still whirring and enemy fire rang around him.
With gunshots from the enemy barraging the copter, they had no choice but to leave the wounded pilot and flee for their lives.
Somebody help: James C. Farley (left) with a jammed machine gun shouts to crew as wounded pilot James E. Magel lies dying beside him
Dark day: With 11 bullet holes in its skin and its radio knocked out, Yankee Papa 13 heads for Da Nang; James Magel lies dead on the floor and wounded gunner Billie Owens slumps against Wayne Hoilen. James Farley (right) sags in exhaustion
The YP13, had to wait until they were out of reach from enemy fire to tend to the wounded. Lt James Magel, the pilot from YP3, had a grisly wound under his right armpit, Barrow reported.
But blood began coming out of his nose and mouth, and he was gone. ‘Magel was dead. Nobody said a word,’ Barrow wrote. ‘We were all left with our own drained thoughts.’
The war, which stretched into 1973, claimed more than 3million lives and 58,000 Americans.
Moment of grief: Farley weeps aboard the aircraft after the lieutenant succumbed to his wounds, left, and right, wounded sergeant Billie Owens (centre) is helped from Yankee Papa 13 onto a stretcher after arriving at Da Nang
They rode in silence with the dead back to Da Nang. The plane’s gunner, Sgt Owens, was shot 11 times and sat slumped in a corner near Magel’s body.
When they returned, Captain Vogel spoke to Farley to explain why they could not rescue the pilot of YP3. ‘If we had stayed another ten seconds under those (Viet Cong) machine guns,’ Vogul told Farley, ‘you or us would never have gotten out of there.’
Burrows continued to photograph life in the war until he was killed six years later at the age of 44 after his helicopter was shot down over Laos in February 1971.
Captured by sorrow: Farley breaks down back at the barracks, left. The entire confrontation was documented by LIFE photojournalist Larry Burrows, right
It is an integral part of any New Yorker's life - connecting the bright lights of Manhattan to communities throughout the five boroughs.
Now photographs from the beginning of the last century show how the New York City subway clambered to its feet to become the service millions of commuters take for granted today.
The earliest black-and-white image, taken in October 1904, shows officials inside a car during the opening of the number six line at City Hall. With top hats, suit tails and well-groomed facial hair, the men cram into a cart, becoming the first to witness a system that would transform the city.
Grand opening: Officials sit in a car inside a tunnel during the opening ceremony for the first Manhattan subway line - the number 6 - at the City Hall station, October 1904
This first line extended from City Hall to the Bronx, with a later extension adding tracks to Atlantic Avenue and the in Brooklyn.
The photographs show how the system expanded thereafter, with the creation of new lines and swanky carriage interiors used by an eclectic mix of passengers.
After 1913, the rapid transit system began to rapidly snake through the boroughs, thanks to contracts signed between the Interborough Rapid Transit Subway and the City. The vast majority of the present-day subway system was either built or improved under these contracts, which added fresh tracks and connections to new lines.
All stations of the Eighth Avenue Line, from 207th Street in Washington Heights to Hudson Terminal - now the World Trade Center - opened one minute after midnight on September 10, 1932.
War-time travel: A subway entrance in 1918. One poster reads 'American Liberty Is Ours; Let Us Defend It! Buy Liberty Bonds' in English, Hebrew, German and Magyar
All aboard! The Broadway Local train stops at a station as two NYPD officers and a uniformed train conductor stand with commuters on the platform
Travelling in style: An interior of a subway car shows how passengers travelled in 1935, including upholstered seats and advertising posters for dog food and medicine
The system had another boost when the City, fearing private companies were benefiting from taxpayers, created the Independent City-Owned Subway. It acquired the BMT and IRT in 1940, and adopted the name the IND.
In 1953, the New York City Transit Authority took over the system, and lines continued to develop - although scores were also demolished - throughout the second half of the century. In the 1960s, more than $1 trillion was spent to create three tunnels along the Second Avenue and 63rd Street Lines.
In some of the photographs, stored in the New York Daily News archive, commuters will notice how the service appears to have changed very little.
One photo, dated 1989, shows John F. Kennedy Jr. as he attempts to squeeze into a packed carriage - - an everyday experience for millions of today's passengers - on his first day as Manhattan's assistant district attorney.
Light at the end of the tunnel: In 1965, railway staff shine torches for passengers making their way along a tunnel ledge after trains had stopped during a power failure
On its feet: In 1931, construction workers are pictured in a compression chamber under the East River (left). In a more familiar scene, John F. Kennedy Jr. squeezes into a packed carriage on his first day of work as assistant district attorney for Manhattan in 1989 (right)
Destroyed: A picture from 1915 shows the aftermath of when a New York Subway station caved-in, along with a demolished trolley
Yet others depict a patchy service that would outrage today's travellers, such as one image, which shows a line of passengers clinging to the inside of a tunnel. Following a power outage in the city, the men and women, decked in their 1960s fashions, are led to an exit by torch-brandishing officials.
And while graffiti sullies one car in a picture from 1973, plush upholstered seats and spotless floors in a 1935 image are nowhere to be seen in today's carriages.
The most recent image, taken in 1981, is the most akin to scenes on today's transit system. A line of men and women sit squashed along a carriage bench - close enough that they are touching yet not muttering a word.
In today's carriages, however, their cassette walkmans have been replaced by white headphones, iPads and Kindles.
Today, more than five million people use the subway on any given weekday, with around three million travelling on a Saturday or Sunday. The system has 468 stations – the largest number of public transit subway stations of any system in the world.
Soul train: Four subway riders are pictured listening to their walkmans in March 1981 in a scene not dissimilar from ones witnessed today
Under the bridge: In a picture taken in 1973, graffiti covers the platform and subway at the 145th Street station
Only in New York: A circus woman holds a leash with a rollerskating monkey in 1948 ... not a sight you're likely to see today
Out cold: Boys boxing in the Police Athletic League in 1946
Hustling: The intrepid shoe shine boys look for business on the streets of New York
Noble art: Boxer Walter Cartier catches his breath between rounds in 1948. Three years later, Cartier starred in Kubrick¿s first film Day Of The Fight
Backstage bustle: Entertainer Johnny Grant is surrounded by show girls back in 1946
A film crew hard at work on a Department of Public Works vehicle as a NYPD officer watches
A distinguished-looking man arrives in New York for a men's fashion show in 1948
The master himself: Stanley Kubrick, camera in hand, watches Rosemary Williams, a top showgirl of the Forties
Land and water: The Liberty Street ferry in New York City on September 27, 1941
Horse and cart: Men and boys are seen collecting salvage on the Lower East Side on October 4, 1941
Daily life: This street seen from October 3, 1942, is just one from a huge collection by Charles W. Cushman
Pub: McSorley's Old Ale House, still open today, is pictured on East 7th Street on October 7, 1942
Compared: McSorley's Old Ale House in the East Village today, hardly changed from the above photo. But what is even more intriguing are the street scenes and daily life Cushman documented in his photos, showing 1940s New Yorkers going about their daily business. Pictures of children smiling for the camera, businessmen sitting down outside and street traders are a fascinating insight to what life was like in the city all those years ago. Many of the areas have been demolished or rebuilt since they were pictured in 1941 and 1942. But others such as McSorley’s Old Ale House in Manhattan’s East Village look almost identical now as they did back then, with the same store front and shop logo.
Park life: A suited man walks through Bowling Green in lower Manhattan on October 1, 1942
Smoking: Three homeless people from South Ferry doss houses are in Battery Park on June 6, 1941
Crossing: The East River is pictured below Brooklyn Bridge, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan, on June 6, 1941
Around town: A portable soft drink stand at Bowling Green on October 1, 1942, left, and a Lower East Side street scene on September 27, 1941, right
A new collection of stunning photographs by famed artist Fred Herzog gives a glimpse into the breadth and scope of his talent. The exhibit, titled Fred Herzog: In Color, is the third time that the Laurence Miller Gallery in Manhattan has displayed his work, though the scenes may not be recognizable to native New Yorkers. Herzog, who was born in Germany in 1930 and moved to Canada at the age of 22, made his name depicting everyday life in his adopted hometown of Vancouver. When he did venture south of the Canadian border, he spent time- and dedicated film to- the streets of Portland, Kansas City and Curacao in the Caribbean. Though now 82-years-old, Herzog is still alive, and he has never formally retired.
What was it like: The photographs by Fred Herzog give a glimpse into life back in the middle of last century
Oh Canada: Herzog moved from Germany to Vancouver so the Canadian city served as his muse much of the time
Moving south: A select few of his best-known pieces, like this one, featured other cities as this does with Kansas City
Day and night: 'Mom's shoes' (left) and 'Crossing Powell' (right) show everyday scenes that made up many of Ferzog's works
American beauty: Portland, pictured, was also featured in some of Ferzog's work
The look: The early color technology used in these works was detailed enough to show that the woman pictured left some lipstick on her cigarette
Getting a trim: Ferzog focused his attention on blue-collar families, everyday people
Night life: Journalist Walter Winchell, left, chats with Joseph Schneck, right, while Marilyn Monroe scopes out the place on May 22, 1953
Ol' Blue Eyes: Gossip columnist Hedda Hopper, left, chats with a young Frank Sinatra in October 1946 at a party at Ciro's
The lady is not impressed: Mickey Rooney, right, is pictured with his former wife, Martha Vickers, left, at Ciro's in Oct. 1951. The pair, who had recently divorced, appeared together at the hot spot fueling rumors of a reconciliation but Vikers quashed the reports telling the press, 'This does not mean a reconciliation'
Good times: Lucille Ball, front left, and her husband Desi Arnaz in costume at the club in May 1956 for a fundraiser. The party was held to raise funds for the building of a hospital for mental ills in Los Angeles
Party animals: Skating star Sonja Henie, left, welcomes pianist Liberace, center, and actress Susan Hayward, right, to her star spangled party at Ciro's nightclub in February 1955
Legend: Sammy Davis Jr, right, is shown with Cary Crosby before the singer took the stage to perform at Ciro's in Hollywood in November 1955
Paparazzi: Gail Russell and Guy Madison went to Ciro's in Hollywood to get away from the cameras, before which they are seeking fame and fortune. But they found that cameras are not so easily evaded. Ciro's camera girl Dixie Liston is showing them prints of photographs she snapped while they were dining in March 1946
What a show: Stripper Lili St. Cyr gives the audience an eyeful during a performance at Ciro's Nightclub in October 1951
Gig: Ciro's nightclub in Los Angeles with a sign promoting Desi Arnaz and His Orchestra as the current act in the late 1940s