Moving photos from the First World War have been brought to life in colour to coincide with the 99th anniversary of Armistice Day.
They show smiling British men and boys marching out of the trenches and jumping into trucks to make the long journey home from the battlefields.
But other soldiers have nothing to smile about as they mourn their dead brothers, cousins, fathers and friends.
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Stirring: Photos from the end of First World War have been brought to life in colour to coincide with the 99th Armistice Day. Pictured: A crowd of soldiers on the Western Front celebrating as an officer announces the news of the Armistice
Happy troops: This colourised image shows New Zealand troops on the Western front laughing and smiling in a trench
Victory: This photo shows smiling British men and boys marching out of a trench at captured from the Germans at the Somme. A sign reads 'the old hun line' - referring to where the German front line used to be
Grief: Other soldiers have nothing to smile about as they mourn their dead brothers, cousins, fathers and friends. As many as 700,000 British men and boys died in the First World War. Pictured: One poignant photo shows the funeral of Sergeant Henry Nicholas, VC, in World War I, France
We will remember them: King George V placing a wreath on the coffin of the Unknown Warrior, at the Cenotaph, on Armistice Day November 11 1920
Jubilation: The announcement of armistice brought ecstatic scenes to Philadelphia. This picture was taken on Nov 11, 1918
This picture shows nuns laying wreaths in a field of mass graves. The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I was around 40million
A group of Scottish soldiers wearing kilts smiled for the camera as they prepared to board a truck to head away from the battlefields
Delight: A group of troops wave their hats as they pose for a camera on the edge of a road next to some hedgerows on Armistice Day
Destruction: This photo shows a bombed out town with collapsing buildings as a lone soldier wanders near a crater. Pictured 24. A gigantic shell crater, 75 yards in circumference, Ypres, Belgium, October 1917
One poignant photo shows the funeral of Sergeant Henry Nicholas, VC, in World War I, France. Another shows nuns laying wreaths in a field of mass graves.
The images were colourised by Cardiff-based electrician, Royston Leonard, 55.
He said: 'The First World War was the first-time machines took over the battlefield and both sides rained down shells making it hell for troops on the ground to the point where the men just had no hope at all, it was just madness.
Around 700,000 British soldiers were killed in the First World War out of six million who fought. The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War One was around 40million.
Royston also discussed how long the project of colourising the photos took him as well as his personal relationship with World War One.
'The project has taken me months to do and many, many hours to complete,' he said.
'My grandfather fought in the war and I often asked my father about him, my dad said that all he ever told him was that they moved 100 yards in four years.
'He had the firing pin from his machine gun on the shelf over the fire place in his front room until the day he died.
'To this day it is still such a shame that there was such a total waste of life and what these men had to endure in the face of hell.'
An old French couple, M. and Mme. Baloux of Brieulles-sur-Bar, France, under German occupation for four years, greeting soldiers of the 308th and 166th Infantry upon their arrival during the American advance
German soldiers on board a tank which bears the word escapade on the side. Three sit on the top while another leans out of the window
Scottish troops march with combat gear and rifles slung over their backs as they make their way over a grassy mound during the Battle of the Canal du Nord, 1918
Over the top: This photo shows Canadian soldiers charging at the enemy during a dawn attack by going over the top of the trenches
Canadaian soldiers relax in a captured trench in France. One can be seen attending to his rifle as another smokes a cigarette
Devastation: Three soldiers look out across a battlefield where wagons are upturned and destroyed and craters break up the mud
A group of eight British soldiers stand next to a blown-out building. They smile as they pose for the camera wearing their helmets
Crowds in New York celebrate the end of the First World War. America joined the conflict in 1917
A German prisoner helps British wounded make their way to a dressing station near Bernafay Wood, following fighting on Bazentin Ridge, July 19, 1916, during the Battle of the Somme
Captain Benjamin H Geary VC, 1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment being carried in on a stretcher by prisoner bearers at Achiet-le-Petit. 21 Aug 1918
This photo shows French soldiers at the Battle of Verdun. One sits on the mud as others help the wounded
German officers with an armored car, Ukraine, Spring of 1918. They stand next to the car as they smile for the camera
20th Battery Canadian Field Artillery, Neuville St. Vaast, April 1917. The horse are soaking and laden with gear
10. An Australian fatigue party from the 7th Brigade (far left) carrying piles of empty sandbags to the front line through the devastated area near Pozieres, 28 August 1916. The structure is the remains of a German observation post, which stood on the western end of the village and was nicknamed 'Gibraltar' by the Australians
As with most wars, World War I started many years before the first shot was fired. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian War resulted in France's defeat by Germany. After the war, the triple alliance was formed consisting of Germany, Austro-Hungary and Italy. Another factor was the policy of Weltpolitic or the global imperial policy of Kaiser Wilhelm the Second. The Moroccan crisis of 1905 to 1911 also was a factor leading to World War I. There were additional wars that involved Serbia and led to increased tension with Austria.
On June 28, 1914, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated in Sarajevo. The Black Hand Serbian secret society, with connections to powerful English and French intelligence, took credit. World War I had begun. France, England and Austria took on the war debt. While many paid the price with at least 20 million killed, war profiteers made a financial killing.
Historians still debate the causes of World War I. This is to be expected, as the perspective of the victor is different than that of the vanquished. Furthermore, bankers seek to have their roles downplayed or outright dismissed. To distort the truth, governments and wealthy private interests have a vested interest in funding historians to promote a favorable version of history.
President Woodrow Wilson claimed the main cause of World War I was the wealthy had too much control over Germany, Russia and Austria. Lenin went on record that the banking merchants orchestrated the war.2 We now know that at least at this high level, both Wilson and Lenin were correct. Financial interests, cloaked in good intentions and nationalism, fueled World War I.
|It is could be the scene from a nuclear holocaust.|
A once-thriving city reduced to mere rubble, a 700-year-old cathedral barely left standing, trees that proudly lined an idyllic avenue torn to shreds.
There's barely anyone in sight.
But the devastation wrought in these rare, haunting images was caused long before the atomic bomb came into existence.
It is the apocalyptic aftermath of dogged fighting along the Western Front during World War One when Allied and German forces tried to shell each other into submission with little success other than leaving a trail of utter carnage and killing millions.
Apocalypse: This was all that remained of the Belgian town of Ypres in March 1919 after fierce fighting during World War One reduced it to mere rubble
In rehab: An aerial view of Ypres under construction in 1930 which gives an idea of how the city looked before it was bombarded during the Great War
Felled: Trees along an avenue in Locre, Belgium, lie torn to shreds. These images are from a series documenting the devastation caused along the Western Front
Destroyed: The Hotel de Ville in Arras, Northern France, looks more like a medieval ruins after it was heavily shelled during World War One
Shaping nature: A huge bomb crater at Messines Ridge in Northern France, photographed circa March 1919, soon after the end of World War One
Reflected glory: A peaceful pond is what remains today of the craters made by massive mines on the Messines Ridge near Ypres. Their explosion was heard in London
The strategically important Belgian city of Ypres, which stood in the way of Germany's planned sweep into France from the North, bore the brunt of the onslaught.
At its height, the city was a prosperous centre of trade in the cloth industry known throughout the world. After the war, it was unrecognisable.
Sorry sight: The Cloth Hall at Ypres, which was one of the largest commercial buildings of the Middle Ages when it served as the main market for the city's cloth industry
Standing proud: How the Cloth Hall looked just before before the 1st bombardment by the Germans during the first battle of Ypres in October 1914
Doomsday: St Martin's cathedral at Ypres, which was rebuilt using the original plans after the war. At 102 metres (335 ft), it is among the tallest buildings in Belgium
Devastation: St Martin's Cathedral was the seat of the former diocese of Ypres from 1561 to 1801 and is still commonly referred to as such
How it looked before: The cathedral was rebuilt to the original Gothic design, with a spire added, as seen here in 1937
Clear-up effort: The East end of the Nave in the Basilique at Saint-Quentin in Northern France photographed soon after the end of World War One, circa March 1919
The moat and the ramparts at Ypres: The city was the centre of intense and sustained battles between the German and the Allied forces
One tree-lined avenue in France was left looking like wasteland, while a huge bowl sunken into Messines ridge near Ypres is the legacy from the huge explosions of buried British mines that were heard 160 miles away in London in 1917.
Some 7.5million men lost their lives on the Western Front during World War One.
The front was opened when the German army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium in 1914 and then moved into the industrial regions in northern France.
In September of that year, this advance was halted, and slightly reversed, at the Battle Of Marne.
Wasteland: The canal at Diksmuide in Belgium. The Western Front was opened when the German army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium in 1914
Shot to pieces: The wreckage of a tank. Some 7.5million men lost their lives on the Western Front during World War One
Forlorn: A little girl cuts a sorry figure surrounded by the ruined buildings in the French village of Neuve Eglise, which was heavily bombed
In the line of fire: Two soldiers pose for the camera at a Franco-British frontier post in Northern France during the war
It was then that both sides dug vast networks of trenches that ran all the way from the North Sea to the Swiss border with France.
This line of tunnels remained unaltered, give or take a mile here and a mile there, for most of the four-year conflict.
By 1917, after years of deadlock that saw millions of soldiers killed for zero gain on either side, new military technology including poison gas, tanks and planes was deployed on the front.
Thanks to these techniques, the Allies slowly advanced throughout 1918 until the war's end in November.
But the scars will forever remain.